The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens.
Four common refractive errors are
Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance
Hyperopia, or farsightedness - clear vision in the distance but blurry close up
Astigmatism - focus problems caused by the cornea
Presbyopia - inability to focus close up as a result of aging
The most common symptom is blurred vision. Other symptoms may include double vision, haziness, glare or halos around bright lights, squinting, headaches, or eye strain.
Glasses or contact lenses can usually correct refractive errors. Laser eye surgery (PRK, FemtoLasik, or SMILE) may also be a possibility. For extremely high refractive errors, which are outside of the treatment range of laser refractive surgery, refractive lens exchange may be a viable option.
Dr. Manolette Roque is an ophthalmologist whose practice includes general ophthalmology (which includes cataract surgery) with subspecialty work in uveitis and ocular immunology, cornea and external disease, and refractive surgery.
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