Blurring of vision often associated with distortion presents from localized detachment of the retina in the macula in central serous chorioretinopathy. In some cases, the detachment is not symptomatic and may be detected only as a blind spot in the periphery on routine eye examination. This condition results from localized areas of leakage of fluid either from the RPE or the choroid. It commonly affects young to middle-aged adult males with type A personality. Factors known to induce or worsen this include emotional stress, hypertension and steroid intake.
Diagnosis is done through a detailed retinal examination by an eye doctor (either an ophthalmologist or a retina specialist). A fluorescein angiogram may be done to determine the source of fluid leakage.
This condition commonly resolves within 1 to 6 months. However in some, the duration may be longer, resulting in some degree of vision loss. A visit to the eye doctor will greatly help in early detection, monitoring and treatment if necessary.